Research Projects


  • Testing the limits of the sociolinguistic monitor: The evaluation of pauses and pragmatic markers (with Maciej Baranowski, Manchester; Danielle Turton, Lancaster; Jana Pflaeging and Bradley Mackay, Salzburg) (FWF-funded)
  • Sociophonetic variation of intensifiers in Southern British and Scottish English: On the influence of function, context and predictability (with Bradley Mackay, Salzburg)
  • English personal pronouns: a system on the move? (with Lydia Speyer, Lancaster)
  • Double Standards: Codified norms and norms of usage in European languages (1600 – 2020) (with Stephan Elspaß, Imke Mendoza, Bernhard Pöll, Salzburg). The website of the conference, which we organised as part of this project, can be accessed here.
  • Book project: Measuring language attitudes and social meanings: A practical guide to experimental data collection and analysis (with Laura Rosseel and Eline Zenner, Brussels)
  • Multilingual and multimodal service encounters for virtual reality: Exploring English and German service encounters to create better virtual agents (SErVR) (with Rebekah Wegener, Salzburg)
  • Variation in (second) language use and development across retirement (VARIAGE) (with Simone Pfenninger, Zurich, and Lars Bülow, Munich)


  • Attitude development in Austria: Tracking the emergence of a sociolinguistic monitor in English/German bilinguals from B2 to C2 level (with Jana Pflaeging and Bradley Mackay, Salzburg)
  • Discourse markers, tag questions and indexicality: Towards an experimentally-assisted discourse analysis (with Danielle Turton, Lancaster) (AHRC-funded)
  • The perception of consonantal variation in London and Edinburgh: A regional comparison (with Will Barras, Aberdeen; Michael Ramsammy, Edinburgh; Nicholas Flynn, Manchester; Leverhulme-funded grant Regional language variation and the indexical field)
  • Age and the indexical field: Evidence from perception and conversational style in Manchester (with Michael Ramsammy, Edinburgh; ESRC-funded)
  • Comparative sociolinguistics: Consonantal and vocalic variation in two British capitals
  • Sociolinguistics and immigration: The acquisition of variation by immigrant teenagers in England and Scotland (with Miriam Meyerhoff, Wellington; Lynn Clark, Canterbury; ESRC-funded)
  • Pragmatic markers in academic discourse: Form, function, and sociolinguistic distribution of discourse markers and question tags (Financially supported by the University of Michigan International Institute Predissertation Research Grants, the Rackham School of Graduate Studies one-term Dissertation Fellowship and Dissertation Grants and the Department of German Research Grants. )